What Language is Spoken in Singapore: Discovering the Multilingual Tapestry

Bodhi Ramos7 min
Created: Jan 17, 2024Last updated: Jun 7, 2024
Official Language of Singapore

If you intend to learn the Singapore language, prepare to make some choices, as there is not one but four prevalent tongues in this country. Each language has its roots deeply embedded in the history and heritage of the nation, reflecting the diverse ethnic groups that make up its population. Today, we’ll explore all the Singapore tongues, unique dialects, and the importance of preserving them within the society.

Language as Heritage: Exploring Singapore’s Linguistic Richness

Singapore is a home of various languages and cultures, which reflect its rich history and diverse population. The country recognizes four official languages, showcasing its multicultural identity and the coexistence of different ethnic groups.

  • English is central to Singapore's society as the main language of administration, education, and business. Its use fosters communication and unity among the diverse ethnic groups. Furthermore, it represents Singapore’s global outlook, enabling worldwide connectivity and supporting economic growth and international relations.
  • With a significant Chinese population, Mandarin is a cultural anchor for the Chinese community. It connects Singaporeans with their heritage, traditions, and values. While Mandarin is the standardized form used, various Chinese dialects like Hokkien, Cantonese, and Hakka are also spoken, each with unique cultural nuances.
  • Malay is the national language of Singapore and holds historical and cultural significance. It is the tongue of the indigenous Malay community and is integral to Singapore’s national identity. The use of Malay in Singaporean culture, heritage, and traditions is evident in various aspects of daily life, including the national anthem and different traditional ceremonies.
  • The Indian Tamil community speaks Tamil. It is another Singapore official language, significant in cultural and religious practices. It links to the rich heritage and customs of the Indian community. Tamil is used in religious rituals, cultural performances, and celebrations, preserving the population’s traditions.

Apart from every official language of Singapore, people speak many other tongues and dialects brought by immigrants from different parts of Asia and beyond. The government actively promotes bilingualism and multilingualism through its education system, encouraging students to be proficient in their mother tongue alongside English.

Language of Singapore: The Role of English in the Country’s Linguistic Landscape

English is essential to Singapore, serving as the primary language for administration, education, business, and daily communication. Its prominence can be attributed to historical, economic, and social factors that have shaped the country’s development into a global hub. Here are some exciting facts to know about the main language in Singapore.

  • English was introduced to Singapore during the British colonial era in the 19th century. It became a tongue of governance and education, laying the foundation for its widespread use. Despite gaining independence in 1965, Singapore retained English as the language of administration due to its established role and global importance.
  • Singapore’s emergence as a global financial and trade center has reinforced the significance of English. It is a lingua franca for international business, facilitating communication among people of diverse linguistic backgrounds. Its widespread use in technology, science, and academia further solidifies its importance in the global arena.
  • The Singaporean government adopted a bilingual education policy, emphasizing proficiency in English and a student’s mother tongue. English is the medium of instruction in schools, ensuring that students gain fluency and proficiency in the language from an early age. This policy aims to equip Singaporeans with the skills needed for a globally competitive workforce.

Despite the dominance of this language in Singapore, the country celebrates its multilingualism, valuing the preservation of other tongues and dialects spoken by its diverse population. Efforts to promote bilingualism encourage Singaporeans to maintain proficiency in their mother tongues alongside English, recognizing the cultural heritage embedded in these languages.

Unraveling the Charm of Singlish: Singapore’s Unique Dialect

Singlish refers to Singaporean English, a unique and colorful variety of this language spoken in Singapore. It emerged due to the diverse linguistic landscape of the country. The dialect started developing in the 19th and 20th centuries when various immigrant communities from China, India, Malaysia, and other Southeast Asian countries settled in Singapore, bringing their languages and dialects. The need to communicate among these communities led to the birth of a hybrid language – Singlish.

This dialect serves as a symbol of national identity, fostering a sense of belonging among Singaporeans. It’s commonly used in everyday, formal, and informal conversations among people of different ethnicities. However, it has been a topic of debate in Singapore due to concerns about its impact on the proficiency of standard English.


Bilingual Education in Singapore: A Model for Multicultural Societies

Singapore’s bilingual education system is often lauded as a successful model for multicultural societies due to its emphasis on language proficiency in two or more tongues. This approach has several notable aspects:

  • It ensures the preservation of cultural identities, allowing individuals to maintain connections with their ethnic roots and fostering a sense of belonging and pride in their heritage within the multicultural nation.
  • Research suggests that bilingualism enhances cognitive abilities such as problem-solving, multitasking, and creativity. Singapore’s bilingual education nurtures students proficient in multiple languages, giving them an advantage beyond linguistic capabilities.
  • By fostering bilingualism, Singapore promotes understanding and respect among different ethnic groups. Proficiency in the official languages of Singapore enables communication and a deeper appreciation of diverse cultures, reducing barriers and fostering social cohesion.
  • Singapore’s government allocates resources to support bilingual education, providing quality language instruction and materials. This commitment ensures that students can access comprehensive language education in both English and their mother tongues.

However, challenges exist, such as maintaining high standards in both languages, especially when English may be favored over mother tongues due to its global importance. Furthermore, the evolving nature of language and societal changes pose ongoing challenges in balancing linguistic priorities within the education system.

Nonetheless, Singapore’s bilingual education model continues to be recognized for its success in encouraging individuals who are proficient in English and deeply connected to their cultural roots. It is an inspiring framework for other multicultural societies seeking to preserve cultural identities while preparing their citizens for global opportunities.

What Language Do They Speak in Singapore: Learn with Promova

For convenient and clear communication with people in Singapore, you need to know at least one prevalent language in the country. While Tamil and Malay are quite niche, it might be challenging to master them, but becoming fluent in English or Mandarin sounds achievable, especially with patience, effort, and access to proper resources. Today, we want to help you with the last step and introduce you to the Promova app – your one-stop solution for mastering foreign languages.

The beauty of Promova lies in its adaptability to your lifestyle. Whether commuting, taking a break at work, or relaxing at home, the app offers the flexibility to study anytime, anywhere. Its mobile compatibility, available for iOS and Android devices, ensures that your language learning journey seamlessly integrates into your daily routine.

Navigating through Promova’s interface is as intuitive as it gets. The platform boasts a convenient design that enhances user experience. Moreover, the lessons are structured into bite-sized lessons, making it easier for learners to absorb and retain information without feeling overwhelmed. This approach encourages consistent learning and gradual progress.

And talking about the lessons! They are created by language professionals, diving into various topics, grammar intricacies, vocabulary building, and cultural nuances. The content is tailored to cater to different proficiency levels, ensuring a seamless learning experience for beginners and advanced learners.

One of Promova’s strengths is its versatility. What language does Singapore speak? You already know that! And with the application, you can learn English, Mandarin, French, Spanish, German, Korean, and many more. This approach allows learners to explore multiple languages within the same convenient platform. So what are you waiting for? Install the application today, and become closer to achieving your goals.


So, what do people speak in Singapore? The country is known for its rich history and multicultural society, so having only one official language is impossible. English, Mandarin, Malay, and Tamil are the most widespread tongues here, but many more varieties and dialects exist. We hope that with the help of today’s article, you’ve learned a bit more about the country’s linguistic landscape and unique features. And, of course, we look forward to seeing you in the next one!


What are the distinctive features of Singlish?

One of the most noticeable features of Singlish is that it incorporates unique particles like “lah,” “leh,” “lor,” and “meh,” which convey emphasis and mood in conversation. For instance, “Can lah” means “Yes, it’s possible,” and “Okay lor” is an acceptance with resignation. Furthermore, Singlish borrows extensively from various languages, creating exciting words like “sabo” (sabotage) or “shiok” (excellent/awesome). Another unique feature is repeating words for emphasis, like “very, very nice” or “so big big.”

Are there any exciting words to learn from Singaporean English?

Of course, there are many of them! For example, “abit” is the shortened form of the English phrase “a little bit,” typically used in a sarcastic context. Some other fascinating terms include “alamak” (used to showcase shock or surprise), “an zhua?” (what’s up?), and “blur” (clumsy or oblivious person).

What is the difference between acrolectal, mesolectal, and basilectal Singlish?

While all three are varieties of this language, there are significant differences. The acrolectal form is closer to Standard English and is typically spoken by those with a strong command of English and use Singlish in a more moderated or occasional manner. 

Mesolectal falls between acrolectal and basilectal. It’s spoken by a broader range of people, combining formal English and Singlish elements. Basilectal is the most colloquial form, and it deviates the most from Standard English. It’s commonly spoken in informal settings and among individuals who might not be as proficient in English.

Is it true that there was a time when dialects were banned in Singapore?

Yes, there was a time when the Singaporean government discouraged using dialects. This was part of a larger language policy implemented in the 1970s to promote social cohesion, unity, and the use of English as the common language among the different ethnic groups. The aim was to prevent the use of dialects that might fragment communication among the populace. However, this policy softened over time, and these dialects have gradually been accepted and preserved recently.


PromovaFeb 9th, 2024
Singlish refers to Singaporean English, a unique and colorful variety of English spoken in Singapore. It originated due to the diverse linguistic landscape of the country, with various immigrant communities bringing their languages and dialects.
Abigail BattleFeb 9th, 2024
Wow! What is Singlish, and how did it originate?