Korean Alphabet

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Alphabet English is the first thing learners face when learning this language. Knowing letter names and their sounds is essential for the further development of speaking, reading, listening, and writing skills. In today’s article, you’ll explore all the details and nuances of the great and mighty English alphabet.

English Alphabet A to Z

The English alphabet, as we know it today, combines the Roman alphabet and the additions from later periods. In the table below, you can find all 26 letters in alphabet and their pronunciation in English.     
 English alphabet

Capital LetterSmall LetterPronunciationName
Tt/tiː/ tee
Ww/dʌbəljuː/ double-you
Zz/ziː/, /zɛd/zee, zed 

Letter Combinations and Digraphs in English Alphabet Pronunciation

The are 5 vowels and 21 consonants among English alphabet letters. However, each letter can be pronounced in a few different ways, creating over 40 distinct sounds. There are various combinations and sequences of English letters and sounds. 

Consonant Clusters and Digraphs

Consonant clusters are sequences of two or more consonant sounds that appear together in a word without any vowel sounds between them. They can occur at a word’s beginning, middle, or end. Let’s look at some common examples:

at the beginning: 








in the middle:








at the end: 








Some of the consonant clusters often create digraphs – combinations of two letters that create a single sound. 

  • ch – /tʃ/ – cheese, chair, church, charm.
  • sh – /ʃ/ – ship, sheet, shape, shoe.
  • th – /θ/ (pronuonced like “s” with a tongue between teeth) – thin, teeth, health, thanks.
  • th - /ð/ (pronounced like “z” with a tongue between teeth) - these, although, that,
  • ph – /f/ – phone, photo, philosophy, pharmacy. 

It’s important to note that the pronunciation of consonant clusters can vary in different languages and dialects. These examples represent common patterns in the English alphabet, but other tongues may have different digraphs or consonant clusters.

Vowel Combinations

Just like consonants, vowels also produce plenty of sounds. Combining two of the same letters can create entirely different pronunciations. Look at these examples:

  • ea – /iː/ in “seat” or “beat,” /ɛ/ in “bread” or “dead.”
  • ie – /aɪ/ in “pie” or “tie,” but /iː/ in “yield” or “believe.”
  • ou – /aʊ/ in “house” or “mouse,” but /uː/ in “through” or “trough.”
  • ei – /eɪ/ in “vein,” but /aɪ/ in “height.”
  • oo – /uː/ in “pool” or “school,” but /ʊ/ in “good” or “book.”

These are only a few vowel combinations, but there are many more. It is also important to note that the pronunciation of the same vowel sounds may differ in some English accents.

Silent Letters

English language might be challenging for many language-learners. Sometimes, when you write the word down, it has more letters than when you pronounce it. That’s because of the silent letters – the ones that are present in the written version of the term but are omitted when said out loud. Almost every vowel and consonant in the English alphabet can be silent. 

  • b – thumb /θʌm/, comb /koʊm/, lamb /læm/;
  • c – muscle /ˈmʌsəl/;
  • d – Wednesday /ˈwɛnzdeɪ/;
  • e – come /kʌm/, give /ɡɪv/;
  • g – gnaw /nɔː/, sign /saɪn/, reign /reɪn/;
  • h – honest /ˈɒnɪst/, ghost /ɡoʊst/;
  • k – knee /niː/, knife /naɪf/, know /noʊ/;
  • l – calf /kæf/, salmon /ˈsæmən/;
  • n – hymn /hɪm/, autumn /ˈɔːtəm/;
  • p – pneumonia /njuːˈmoʊniə/, psychology /saɪˈkɒlədʒi/;
  • t – castle /ˈkæsəl/, ballet /bæˈleɪ/;
  • w – wraith /reɪθ/, wrinkle /ˈrɪŋkəl/;
  • x – faux /foʊ/.

Tricky silent letters can appear anytime you learn the English alphabet. Yet, they are still very important. Such letters help us distinguish homophones (for example, night and knight) and provide the information about the etymology and origins of particular words.


Learn English Alphabets with Promova

If you want to understand how to use all these English letters in words and sentences, turn to Promova – your one-stop solution for successful language learning. No matter your fluency level and current studying goals, we have plenty of resources that meet different needs. 

At Promova, we take language learning to the next level by offering personalized and group lessons led by our professional tutors. Whether you prefer one-on-one instruction or the dynamic interaction of a group setting, our experienced mentors are here to guide you every step of the way.

To get acquainted with Promova, we offer a free trial lesson, allowing you to experience our teaching methods, communicate with our tutors, and get a taste of our language learning environment. Take advantage of this opportunity to gauge our approach!

For your convenience, Promova offers a user-friendly application. Accessible from your smartphone or tablet, our app allows you to learn on the go, ensuring that you can study anytime and anywhere. Seamlessly sync your progress across devices and access a wide range of interactive lessons, exercises, and resources with just a few taps.


If you decide to learn the English alphabet from scratch, this article will be your ultimate guide. Today, you’ve not only learned all the letters and sounds but also dived into nuances of its usage.

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