Give past tense

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Learn past tenses to communicate in English accurately

Meaning of give

to freely transfer the possession of something to someone.


Word: give /ɡɪv/
  • 1. She always gives honest feedback on my work.
  • 2. This charity gives support to families in need.
  • 3. He gives a lot of his time to volunteer at the local shelter.

Past Simple

Word: gave /ɡeɪv/
  • 1. She gave a powerful speech on human rights that moved the entire audience.
  • 2. He gave his old coat to a homeless person to help them through the cold winter.
  • 3. They gave their time and effort to organize a successful charity event for the local animal shelter.

Past Participle

Word: given /ˈɡɪvən/
  • 1. The trophy was given to the winning team by the tournament organizers.
  • 2. The final decision had been given much thought before being announced.
  • 3. By the end of the day, all assignments must have been given to the teacher.

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Bare infinitive

  1. To describe habitual actions or routines.
    Example. I always give my dog a walk in the morning.
  2. To convey universal truths or facts.
    Example. The sun gives us light and warmth.
  3. In the first-person singular (I) and the plural (we, you, they), and the second and third persons singular without any additional ending.
    Example. He gives a lot of money to charity every year.
  4. For giving instructions or directives.
    Example. Please give me the book on the top shelf.

Past simple

  1. To describe an action that happened and was completed at a specific time in the past.
    Example. I gave a speech at the conference last month.
  2. When telling a story or recounting past events in chronological order.
    Example. She gave him a smile before leaving the room.
  3. To express an action that occurred regularly in the past but does not happen in the present.
    Example. We gave monthly donations to the charity last year.

Past participle

  1. Used in perfect tenses to talk about actions that have a connection to the present or recent past.
    Example. I have given all my old clothes to charity.
  2. To form passive voice sentences, indicating an action done to the subject.
    Example. The award was given to the most innovative company.
  3. In conditional sentences to imply hypothetical situations or regrets.
    Example. If I had given him the opportunity, he could have proven his dedication.

Common mistakes

— 01

Using the regular pattern

One common mistake is treating 'give' as a regular verb by adding -ed for its past simple and past participle forms, resulting in 'gived.' The correct forms are 'gave' (past simple) and 'given' (past participle). This error stems from the general rule that many English verbs form their past tenses by adding -ed, but 'give' is an irregular verb, so it doesn't follow this pattern. Thus, remembering its correct forms is essential for accurate usage.

— 02

Confusing forms

Another frequent mistake is using the past simple form 'gave' when the past participle 'given' is needed, and vice versa. This error often occurs in perfect tenses and passive voice constructions. For example, incorrectly saying 'I have gave you my answer' instead of the correct 'I have given you my answer.' Understanding the role of each form in different tenses and constructions is crucial to avoid this mistake.

— 03

Past Participle without auxiliaries

The past participle 'given' must be used with auxiliary verbs (e.g., has, have, had) to form perfect tenses or with 'be' in passive voice constructions. A common mistake is using 'given' standalone as the main verb in a sentence, as in 'I given it to him yesterday,' instead of the correct 'I gave it to him yesterday' for past simple or 'I have given it to him' for present perfect. Recognizing the need for auxiliary verbs with past participles is essential for grammatical accuracy.

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Frequently asked questions

What are the past simple and past participle forms of 'give'?

The past simple form of 'give' is 'gave'. This form is used to describe actions that happened at a specific time in the past. The past participle form of 'give' is 'given'. This form is often used in perfect tenses and passive voice constructions.

How do you use 'gave' in a sentence?

'Gave' is used to talk about actions that were completed in the past. For example. 'She gave me a book on my birthday.' 'They gave their best performance last night.' In these sentences, 'gave' indicates that the action of giving happened at a specific time in the past (on my birthday, last night).

How is 'given' correctly used in sentences?

'Given' is typically used in perfect tenses (present perfect, past perfect, future perfect) and passive voice constructions. For instance. Present perfect. 'I have given him the message already.' Past perfect. 'By the time we arrived, she had already given a speech.' Future perfect. 'They will have given out all the awards by 8 PM.' Passive voice. 'A decision has been given on the matter.' In each of these examples, 'given' helps to indicate that the action of giving is related to another time or action either in the past, present, or future.

Can you explain the difference between 'gave' and 'given' with examples?

Using 'gave' (Past Simple). 'I gave them my feedback after the presentation.' This sentence uses 'gave' to indicate a completed action in the past, specifically, the act of giving feedback after a presentation. Using 'given' (Past Participle). 'I have given them my feedback after every presentation.' This sentence uses 'given' within the present perfect tense, suggesting that the action of giving feedback has happened repeatedly up to the present moment. Passive Voice with 'given'. 'My feedback was given after the presentation.'Here, 'given' is used in a passive construction to emphasize the feedback rather than who delivered it.