Split past tense

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Meaning of split

to divide or separate into parts or groups.


Word: split /splɪt/
  • 1. She often splits her time between work and studying to maintain a balanced life.
  • 2. The company regularly splits profits among all its employees as a bonus.
  • 3. In mathematics, we learn how to split numbers into their prime factors for simplification.

Past Simple

Word: split /splɪt/
  • 1. She split the apple evenly between her two children.
  • 2. They split up into teams to start the game.
  • 3. He split his pants when he bent over, causing everyone to laugh.

Past Participle

Word: split /splɪt/
  • 1. The paper was accidentally split in half during the meeting.
  • 2. The opinions on the matter have been split among the committee members for weeks.
  • 3. The bill was evenly split by the group of friends to avoid any confusion.

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Bare infinitive

  1. Habitual Actions or Routine For actions that happen regularly or are part of a daily routine.
    Example. I usually split my workout into cardio and strength training.
  2. General Truths or Facts When stating facts or truths that are generally accepted.
    Example. Water split into hydrogen and oxygen through electrolysis.
  3. Permanent Situations or Actions that are True at the Moment of Speaking For situations or actions that are currently true and tend to be permanent.
    Example. The company split its operations between two cities.
  4. Instructions or Directions When giving instructions or directions as part of a fixed procedure.
    Example. First, split the data into two categories.

Past Simple

  1. Completed Actions in the Past at a Specific Time For actions that were completed in the past and are no longer true at the moment of speaking.
    Example. They split the profits equally last year.
  2. Past Habits or States To describe a habit or state that was true in the past but not anymore.
    Example. We often split our tasks to finish early.
  3. Narration of Events or Stories When narrating events or telling stories that happened in the past.
    Example. After the show, the band split and each member pursued a solo career.

Past Participle

  1. Present Perfect Tense For actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past or actions that started in the past and continue to the present.
    Example. They have split the proceeds among the charity organizations.
  2. Past Perfect Tense For actions that were completed before another action in the past.
    Example. Before the new law was introduced, the company had already split its operations.
  3. Passive Voice To express actions where the focus is on the action rather than who or what is performing the action.
    Example. The atom was split by the scientist.
  4. Adjectives or Participle Phrases When forming adjectives or participle phrases that describe a noun.
    Example. Feeling split between her career and family, she sought a more flexible job.
  5. Note that the base form, Past Simple, and Past Participle), but their use varies depending on the tense and context as outlined above.

Common mistakes

— 01

Confusing forms

A common mistake is mixing up the past simple and past participle forms of 'split.' The past simple form is 'split,' and the past participle form is also 'split.' However, some may incorrectly use 'splitted' for one or both forms. For example, they might incorrectly say or write, 'I splitted the bill yesterday,' instead of the correct form, 'I split the bill yesterday.' Similarly, in perfect tenses, one might mistakenly say, 'I have splitted the bill,' instead of the correct 'I have split the bill.'

— 02

Incorrect Use in Perfect Tenses

Another mistake involves Using the Incorrect Form, which require the past participle. Because 'split' is both the past simple and past participle form, it should be used correctly in sentences like 'I have split the bill' or 'They had split the check before leaving.' However, some might mistakenly treat 'split' as an irregular verb with different forms and say something like 'I have split' or 'They had splat the check,' attempting to follow the pattern of verbs like 'speak,' 'spoke,' 'spoken.'

— 03

Over-regularization to 'Splitted'

The tendency to over-regularize irregular verbs by adding -ed to make past tense or past participle forms is a common error among English learners. While many verbs in English do follow this -ed pattern for creating past forms, 'split' does not. It remains unchanged as 'split' for both the past simple and past participle forms. An incorrect attempt to regularize it would be saying or writing 'splitted' in sentences where 'split' is the correct form, such as in 'After we splitted the wood, we had a lot more space in the shed,' instead of the correct 'After we split the wood, we had a lot more space in the shed.'

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Frequently asked questions

What is the past simple form of 'split'?

The past simple form of 'split' is 'split.' It is an irregular verb, so its past simple form does not follow the regular -ed ending. For example, 'Yesterday, I split the bill with my friend at the cafe.'

What is the past participle form of 'split'?

The past participle form of 'split' is also 'split.' Like its past simple form, it does not follow the regular pattern and remains unchanged. An example of its usage is, 'The bill has already been split among the participants.'

How can I use 'split' in a sentence to indicate a past action?

To indicate a past action using 'split,' you can simply use the word 'split' in the past simple tense for actions completed at a specific time in the past or the past participle for actions that have relevance to the present or were part of a larger past action. For example, in past simple. 'We split the workload evenly last week.' In past participle. 'By the end of the project, the tasks had been split among all team members.'

Can you provide examples of sentences using 'split' in both the past simple and past participle forms?

Past Simple. 'They split their profits equally after the sale yesterday.' Past Participle. 'The profits from the sale have been split equally among the partners.' Remember, the context in which you're using 'split' will help determine whether the past simple or past participle form is appropriate. The past simple is typically used for completed actions at a specific time in the past, while the past participle is often used in perfect tenses or passive voice constructions.