the noun form of holiday generally refers to a day that is a public/national celebration of some kind or a day taken off from work for leisure or rest (i.e., vacation).
rules and use cases associated with this part of speech involve the word generally preceding the name of the holiday itself, as in 'Thanksgiving holiday'; also, when discussing a specific holiday, the definite article 'the' should be used, as in 'the Easter holiday.'
1. Our school gives us a long winter holiday each year.
2. The Fourth of July is a national holiday in the US.
3. We're planning a long beach holiday for next summer.
common mistakes associated with the noun form of holiday include using it interchangeably with 'vacation' (though some holidays are associated with vacations, they are not always the same) and using 'happy' with it (the holiday can be happy for some, but not all).
the adjective form of holiday is used to describe something related to or associated with a holiday or vacation. It typically has a connotation of happiness or positive emotions associated with the particular holiday. For example, when referring to a holiday meal or a holiday shopping sale.
rules and use cases associated with this part of speech include that it is often used in connection with a noun, as in 'holiday meal' or 'holiday season,' and should never be used to describe a specific holiday in its own right (i.e., 'I'm feeling very holiday today').
1. She's been looking forward to the holiday shopping sale for months.
2. The holiday decorations are putting me in a festive mood.
3. I love my neighbor's annual holiday party.
common mistakes associated with the adjective form of holiday include using it to describe a specific holiday itself and using adverbs with it (though adjectives can follow it, such as 'holiday-bright decorations').
the verb form of holiday primarily means to take a day off from work or school.
1. I'm going to holiday in the Caribbean this winter.
2. We plan to holiday together next summer.
3. Can I holiday next week?
common mistakes associated with the verb form of holiday include not using it with an indication of a location (i.e., just saying 'I'm going to holiday') and using it interchangeably with similar verbs such as 'vacation' (the action is the same, but their respective connotations are slightly different).