'would like' is a modal verb phrase used to express a desire or preference in a polite manner. It's a more formal and courteous way of saying 'want.'
used for expressing a polite request or desire and asking for something in a courteous manner. It can be followed by a noun (to express a desire for something) or by the infinitive form of a verb (to express a desire to do something).
I would like a cup of coffee, please.
She would like to visit Paris next summer.
Would you like to join us for dinner?
'would like' is often contracted in informal speech to 'I'd like,' 'you'd like,' etc. A common mistake is using 'would like' inappropriately in negative sentences. For instance, 'I wouldn't like to go' is less common than 'I don't want to go.' 'Would like' is more polite than 'want,' so it's preferable in formal situations or when making requests.