Lost in Translation No More: Mastering the Art of Technical Language and Technical English

Anna Naumovychreviewed byNataliia Afonina / more about Editorial Process13 min
Created: Nov 13, 2023Last updated: Mar 15, 2024
Technical Language and Technical English

Technical language, also known as jargon or industry-specific terminology, is the specialized language used within specific professions, fields, or industries. It simplifies complex concepts and processes, making them understandable for experts in that domain while providing accuracy and precision in communication. For example, in the medical field, the term "myocardial infarction" is technical language for a heart attack. In contrast, general language might use the simpler term "heart attack" for a broader audience.

Advantages of Technical Language

The advantages of technical language are manifold. It enhances precision by using specific terminology, reducing the chances of misunderstandings. In the aviation industry, for instance, using "pitch" to refer to the tilt of an aircraft's nose is more precise than general language. 

Technical language also improves efficiency by conveying complex ideas concisely. For example, in software development, "algorithm" is a technical term that encompasses a specific set of instructions to perform a task.

Benefits of Technical Translation

Technical translation bridges language barriers in a globalized world. For example, translating a technical manual from English to Spanish allows Spanish-speaking engineers to understand and implement technical information efficiently. This aids international cooperation, knowledge sharing, and market expansion.

Purpose of Technical Language

The primary purpose of technical language is to ensure effective communication within a specific field, promoting precision, accuracy, and clarity. It helps experts in the domain understand and convey complex ideas efficiently. In engineering, using terms like "tensile strength" and "shear force" ensures that structural details are communicated accurately and without ambiguity.

What is Technical English?

Technical English is a specialized form of English primarily used in technical and scientific fields, where precision and clarity are paramount. It incorporates industry-specific terminology, ensuring that communication is both concise and accurate. For example, in computer science, the term "algorithm complexity" precisely denotes the efficiency of an algorithm, helping experts in the field understand the intricacies of algorithm design.

Characteristics of technical English include a relentless focus on precision, clarity, and accuracy. This form of communication employs terminology that is consistently used, leaving no room for ambiguity. In chemistry, for instance, the term "molecular formula" is meticulously defined to represent the exact number and types of atoms in a molecule. The result is a language that not only facilitates effective communication but also enhances safety and efficiency in highly specialized fields, such as aviation and mechanical engineering.

History of Technical English

The roots of technical English can be traced back to the Industrial Revolution when a specialized language was needed to explain complex machinery and processes. This historical context shaped the development of technical language. For instance, during the Industrial Revolution, engineers had to describe intricate machinery with terms like "cogwheel" and "steam engine," laying the foundation for technical language.

Who Needs Technical English?

Professionals in various industries rely on Technical English to ensure safe and efficient operations:

  • Aviation: Pilots, air traffic controllers, and aircraft maintenance engineers need Technical English to ensure clear and precise communication. For instance, in aviation, understanding terms like "airspeed" and "flaps" is crucial for safety and efficient flight operations.
  • The Military: Military personnel depend on Technical English for strategic planning, equipment operation, and communication during missions. In this context, knowing military terminology and instructions is vital for the successful execution of operations. For example, the term "overwatch position" refers to a tactical position from which military personnel provide cover and support for advancing units or key locations, typically from an elevated or advantageous vantage point.
  • Software Development: Software engineers and developers use Technical English to describe algorithms, code, and software architecture. Familiarity with programming jargon like "object-oriented programming" and "APIs" is essential for creating software.
  • Information Technology (IT): IT professionals rely on Technical English to troubleshoot, document network configurations, and explain system issues. Understanding terms like "firewall" and "server" is fundamental in the IT sector.
  • Automotive: The automotive industry requires Technical English for designing, manufacturing, and maintaining vehicles. Engineers need to comprehend terms like "torque" and "cylinder configuration" to improve car performance.
  • Manufacturing: In manufacturing, Technical English is essential for machine operators, quality control professionals, and process engineers. Precise knowledge of terms like "tolerance" and "assembly line" is vital for quality assurance and efficient production.
  • Mechanical Engineering: Mechanical engineers use Technical English to design and analyze mechanical systems. Understanding terminology like "stress analysis" and "kinematics" is crucial for designing and improving machinery.
  • Pharmacy and Medicine: Healthcare professionals, pharmacists, and medical researchers rely on Technical English to communicate critical medical information. Understanding medical terminology, drug interactions, and patient records is vital for safe and effective healthcare delivery. For instance, the phrase "adverse drug reaction" is used to denote unintended and negative reactions to medications, which can vary in severity and may require medical attention or adjustment of the treatment plan.
  • Telecommunications: Telecommunication engineers and technicians depend on Technical English to install, maintain, and troubleshoot communication systems. Knowledge of terms like "bandwidth," "router," and "fiber optics" is crucial in this ever-evolving field.
  • Environmental Sciences: Professionals in environmental sciences require Technical English to convey complex data related to climate change, pollution, and ecological studies. Understanding scientific terminology like "carbon footprint" and "biodiversity" is essential in this field.
  • Renewable Energy: Engineers and researchers in the renewable energy sector use Technical English to describe the operation and maintenance of renewable energy sources like solar panels and wind turbines. Knowledge of terms like "solar efficiency" and "wind power capacity" is key to advancing sustainable energy solutions.
  • Construction and Architecture: Architects, engineers, and construction workers rely on Technical English to understand blueprints, project specifications, and construction materials. Familiarity with construction terminology like "foundation depth" and "structural integrity" is crucial for building safety and quality.

Challenges in Technical Language

Technical languages are often characterized by their precision and specificity, but they can also present unique challenges:

  • Ambiguity of standard terms: In technical fields, standard English terms can take on specialized meanings. For example, the term "resolution" may refer to screen clarity in information technology and image quality in photography. The potential for misunderstanding arises when individuals from different fields interpret the same term differently.
  • Complex grammatical structures: Technical language often employs complex sentence structures and extensive use of passive voice, which can make sentences appear convoluted and hard to decipher. Engineers, for example, may write technical reports with sentences like, “The experiment was conducted, and data were collected, analyzed, and presented.”
  • Jargon and acronyms: Every technical field has its jargon and acronyms, which can be a significant barrier to understanding for those not familiar with the industry. Here are examples of technical language acronyms:

IT (Information Technology):

DNS: Domain Name System

RAM: Random Access Memory

CPU: Central Processing Unit


MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging

ICU: Intensive Care Unit

EKG: Electrocardiogram


NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

UAV: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

ISS: International Space Station


ROI: Return on Investment

IPO: Initial Public Offering

ETF: Exchange-Traded Fund


CAD: Computer-Aided Design

HVAC: Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning

PLC: Programmable Logic Controller

  • Precision demands: Precision in technical language leaves little room for approximation or vagueness. This can be challenging when explaining complex ideas or processes where exact terms must be used. In engineering, specifying materials with the incorrect terminology can lead to design flaws.
  • Cross-disciplinary communication: When professionals from different technical backgrounds collaborate, the challenge of bridging language gaps becomes evident. For instance, a project involving both mechanical engineers and software developers may require a shared vocabulary to ensure effective communication.

Simplified Technical English

Simplified Technical English (STE) is a controlled and standardized form of the English language primarily utilized in critical industries like aviation, the military, software development, IT, automotive, manufacturing, and mechanical engineering. The primary objective of STE is to streamline language, making it more precise, understandable, and less prone to misinterpretation.

For instance, in aviation, STE is an indispensable tool for enhancing safety and efficiency. It restricts the use of synonyms and polysemous words, ensuring that a single term consistently represents a specific concept.


Technical English vs. English for Everyday

While everyday English is known for its versatility and adaptability, Technical English is highly specialized and industry-specific. This distinction is particularly important in clarifying the specific meanings of terms and concepts. 

Here are some examples that highlight the contrast between the two:

  • Everyday English - "Table": In everyday conversation, the term "table" typically refers to a piece of furniture used for dining or other domestic activities.
  • Technical English - "Table": In carpentry and manufacturing, the same term "table" might specifically refer to a workbench or a surface where mechanical work is performed.
  • Everyday - "Flow": In daily life, "flow" might refer to the movement of a river or describe how smoothly a conversation is progressing.
  • Technical - "Flow": In fluid dynamics, "flow" has precise measurements and equations governing the movement of liquids and gases, emphasizing the importance of velocity, pressure, and viscosity.
  • Everyday - "Cell": Commonly, "cell" is associated with biological entities or mobile phone devices.
  • Technical - "Cell": In electrical engineering, a "cell" could refer to a single unit of a battery, with specific electrical properties.
  • Everyday - "Wave": In everyday language, "wave" can refer to a friendly gesture or the movement of the sea.
  • Technical - "Wave": In physics and telecommunications, "wave" is highly specific, referring to electromagnetic or sound wave properties, such as frequency and wavelength.
  • Everyday - "Key": In common usage, a "key" might refer to a small metal object used to unlock doors or start a car.
  • Technical - "Key": In music theory, a "key" is a specific set of notes or chords that determine the tonal center of a piece of music.
  • Everyday - "Band": In daily conversation, a "band" could refer to a musical group or a ring worn as an accessory.
  • Technical - "Band": In engineering, "band" may describe a range of frequencies, as in a radio band or a bandwidth.
  • Everyday - "Charge": In everyday language, "charge" can denote a fee for a service or the act of rushing toward someone or something.
  • Technical - "Charge": In electrical engineering, "charge" has a specific meaning related to the amount of electrical energy carried by particles, often measured in coulombs.
  • Everyday - "Stress": In general conversation, "stress" might refer to mental or emotional strain.
  • Technical - "Stress": In structural engineering, "stress" pertains to the force applied to a material divided by the material's area, representing the internal resistance to deformation.

The distinction between everyday English and Technical English is crucial, as it ensures precise and unambiguous communication within specialized fields. In everyday conversations, context often clarifies the intended meaning of words, while in technical settings, precision is of the essence to prevent misunderstandings and errors.

Why Study Technical English Vocabulary?

Enhancing technical English vocabulary is paramount for professionals seeking to communicate clearly and effectively within their respective fields. In the world of telecommunications, for instance, grasping concepts like "bandwidth" and "latency" is not just advantageous but often crucial for precise and efficient communication.

Improving technical English vocabulary encompasses a variety of methods:

  • Read industry-specific literature: Dive into books, articles, and publications relevant to your field. This exposes you to specialized terminology and usage.
  • Craft technical reports: Practice writing reports, manuals, or documentation in your industry. This exercise helps you become familiar with the language used in your profession.
  • Participate in technical discussions: Engage in discussions, forums, or online communities related to your field. Interacting with peers allows you to learn and apply specialized vocabulary in context.
  • Immerse yourself in technical lectures: Attend seminars, webinars, or lectures specific to your industry. Listening to experts speak on technical topics helps you adapt to the language used.
  • Delve into case studies and documents: In fields like law, studying case studies and legal documents is essential. This practice significantly enriches the vocabulary of legal professionals.
  • Use vocabulary flashcards: Create flashcards with technical terms and their definitions. Regularly review these cards to reinforce your memory.
  • Join industry associations: Being part of professional organizations can provide access to resources, conferences, and networking opportunities, all of which can aid in improving your technical vocabulary.
  • Mentorship and guidance: Seek guidance from experienced professionals in your field who can help you understand the nuances of industry-specific language.
  • Language learning apps: Utilize language learning apps (such as Promova) tailored to your industry, offering exercises and quizzes focused on technical vocabulary.
  • Continuous learning: Stay updated with the latest trends and advancements in your field through webinars, online courses, and workshops. Staying informed helps you adapt to evolving terminology.
  • Personal tutor: Consider hiring a personal tutor who specializes in your field or industry-specific language. A tutor can provide one-on-one guidance, tailor lessons to your specific needs, and offer immediate feedback on your progress. They can also help you navigate the intricacies of technical language and assist in overcoming challenges you might encounter.

Choosing the Right Technical English Course

Selecting an appropriate course tailored to your field and specific language needs is a pivotal step in mastering technical English. For instance, a software developer aiming to improve their communication within the programming sphere should seek a course that delves into programming terminology, coding practices, and software architecture. On the other hand, a healthcare professional would benefit from a course that emphasizes medical vocabulary and patient care communication.

Study English with Promova

At Promova, we're committed to helping you achieve your language learning goals, whether it's enhancing your General English proficiency, diving into the world of Business English, or preparing for your next international adventure with English for Travel. Our comprehensive platform offers a wide array of resources and learning opportunities to meet your unique needs.

  • Self-study: Dive into our extensive self-study resources available on our website and Android and iOS apps. These resources cater to English learners of all levels, from beginners to advanced users, providing a flexible and personalized learning experience.
  • Group English lessons: Join our Group English lessons conducted online, led by expert English teachers. These interactive classes, designed for small groups of 3-5 students, foster a collaborative learning environment where you can improve your language skills together.
  • Free English-speaking club: Engage in dynamic discussions in our free English-speaking club. Here, you can converse on various topics, refine your speaking and listening skills, and connect with fellow language enthusiasts.
  • 1-on-1 lessons with English tutors: For personalized attention and tailored guidance, our 1-on-1 classes with English teachers are available. These sessions allow you to work closely with an English tutor who can address your specific needs and goals.
  • Multilingual learning: Our commitment to language learning extends beyond English. Explore our offerings to learn GermanSpanishItalianFrench, Portuguese, Ukrainian, KoreanChineseArabic, and more. You can independently study these languages at your own pace and convenience.
  • Customized learning: Don't hesitate to reach out to us. Our experienced tutors can create a personalized learning program tailored to your skill level, needs, goals, and interests. Whether you're a beginner or an advanced learner, we're here to design a curriculum that suits you best.

At Promova, we're not just about language learning; we're about your language journey. Explore our diverse learning options, connect with our passionate community, and take the next step in mastering the language of your choice.

Certify Your Knowledge of Technical English

Various language proficiency tests serve as validation for your expertise in specialized English, making them particularly valuable for career advancement and global recognition. For example:

  • IELTS (International English Language Testing System) assesses language skills in various industries, including healthcare, engineering, and law, providing a comprehensive evaluation of your language proficiency.
  • TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is widely recognized in the academic world and evaluates language skills suitable for fields such as information technology and finance.
  • TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication) is particularly beneficial for those engaged in global business, measuring their capacity to communicate in an international work environment.
  • Specialized certifications: In fields like finance, certifications specific to financial English can be immensely advantageous. For example, the Certified Public Accountant (CPA) designation is widely recognized in the finance industry, showcasing proficiency in financial terminology and communication.


In the modern world of complex industries and global interactions, the importance of technical language and Technical English cannot be overstated. It ensures precise communication, facilitates global cooperation, and enhances safety in fields where precision is critical. As professionals, embracing Technical English is a step toward success and excellence in your chosen domain.


What is technical language?

Technical language definition encompasses a specialized form of communication utilized within specific professions or industries. Often referred to as industry-specific jargon, it simplifies complex concepts and processes, enabling precise communication among experts in that field. It is distinguished by its unique terminology, acronyms, and vocabulary, facilitating clear and accurate discourse within a particular domain.

What are the key benefits of technical language in industries?

Technical language ensures precision, accuracy, clarity, and effective communication within specific fields. For example, in the field of chemistry, using technical language ensures that chemical reactions are accurately documented.

How can I improve my technical English vocabulary?

Reading, writing, listening, and speaking practice are essential. Engaging with technical materials and discussions can significantly enhance your vocabulary. In the field of law, reading legal documents and discussing case studies can enhance vocabulary.

What industries require Technical English proficiency?

Sectors like aviation, military, IT, automotive, and more necessitate Technical English for safety, precision, and effective communication. For example, in the automotive industry, understanding technical specifications is crucial for manufacturing processes.

Why is Simplified Technical English important?

It streamlines language in critical industries, making it easier to understand, reducing miscommunication, and enhancing safety. For instance, in the aviation industry, using Simplified Technical English ensures clear communication in aircraft maintenance procedures.

How can I choose the right Technical English course?

Select a course that aligns with your field and language needs, and offers resources and support for your professional development. For aeronautical engineers, courses focusing on aeronautical terminology can be invaluable.

What is the history of Technical English?

The roots of Technical English can be traced back to the Industrial Revolution when a specialized language was needed to explain complex machinery and processes. This historical context shaped the development of technical language, especially in fields like mechanical engineering.


Princeton ElliottNov 21st, 2023
As a professional in technical translation, I really appreciate how the authors delve into important aspects of technical vocabulary and grammar.